Why some municipalities succeed and others do not?
Explaining demographic changes in Finnish municipalities
Avainsanat:demographic change, municipalities, growing population, declining population
In most cases, demographic changes are seen as the cause of problems, especially ageing. In reality, the causalities are more complex and multifaceted (Rauhut 2012). Demographic changes within and between national borders are constant. However, when changes become persistent, they then give rise to more concern because they put pressure on local and regional planning efforts. Demographic changes are usually the result of long-term processes, which makes it important to look at the past when determining the future need for welfare services (Humer et al. 2015).